There are altogether four important valves in our heart. These are the aortic valve, the tricuspid valve, the mitral or the bicuspid valve and the pulmonary valve. These open and close during need and optimises the blood flow through them. The most important function of valve is to prevent blood from flowing in the opposite direction. The blood which flows through the different chambers of the heart, passes through each of the valve once in a circulation.
When there is a significant issue with any one of the valve, a surgery becomes inevitable to repair or replace the same. The blood passes through the valves and then reaches out to the large arteries through which they diffuse throughout the body. Aortic valve replacement in India is the most common heart surgery done by the cardiac surgeons. Aortic valve is such that it cannot always be repaired and must be replaced. However in case of the mitral valve it is mostly repaired by medicines and other small surgeries. The tricuspid valve and the pulmonary valve is rarely repaired and replaced.
When the aortic valve opens it helps in the transportation of blood from the largest artery or the aorta to the rest of the body. When the same closes it prevents blood from going back to the heart. With every single beat this cycle repeats itself. The problem in the aortic valve might be from birth, or it might also result as a consequence of growing age. An infection in the heart can also lead to a disease incorporating the aortic valve. As a direct consequence of this there might be a regurgitation. This is when the aortic valve do not close properly; blood leaks backward. In case of stenosis, the opening of the aortic valve is narrowed due to the deposition of various materials. So blood does not ooze out optimally.
Often symptoms of dizziness, shortness of breath, fainting and chest pain etc. are experienced by an individual who is suffering from the problems of aortic valve. These symptoms gradually worsen and the consequences can be life threatening, if the valve is not immediately replaced. Although the success rate is very high in these kind of surgeries but since, every operation comes with some drawbacks this is also not flawless. The risk factors vary from individual to individual. In some individuals, there might be bleeding after the surgery gets over and in still others there might be formation of undesired blood clots. The heart rhythm might get messed up temporarily. Also there are cases where the new valve does not work out and degenerate with time. After the surgery most patients are susceptible to an infection. The patient might experience stroke or might develop kidney problems for a short period of time.
If there is a persistent fever of more than 100°F along with shortness of breath gradually getting worse, if pus or similar fluid comes out from the wound the doctor should be summoned immediately. The condition is severe if there is a consistent pain in the chest, dizzy feeling, swelling around the operated area, pain or redness.