Gamma knife surgery is not at all a surgery in the conventional sense and so no knife is needed. In 1968 the benefit of using gamma rays in treatment was discovered first by two Swedish Doctors named Dr. Leksell and Borje Larsson and later on it was also discovered that this ray can be effectively used in the treatment of brain tumor. Upto 1975 the refinement continued and it has been doing wonders in brain tumor treatment since 1987 when it was introduced first for medical purpose. It is actually a radio surgery which minimizes the risk of physical trauma and other risks which a conventional surgery may invite. Moreover, it can treat those also which can not be treated through conventional surgery. Today there are some very well equipped infra structures are ready in India which may provide you the facility for gamma Knife for brain tumor treatment in India.
What is Gamma Knife Surgery?
Gamma knife surgery is done using a machine which emits 192 cobalt gamma rays programmed before by doctors and oncologists that targets the tumor and destroys avoiding other risks. The treatment may take time from 15 minutes to a few hours depending upon the condition and requirements of the patient. It is used for treatment of brain tumors, arteriovenous dysfunctions like trigeminal neuralgia. As stated earlier it reduces the other risks associated with open surgery by the pin point target the technology provides. Some customised masks or head frames are used to ensure the security of other parts. Low radiation carried by each beam protects the healthy tissues.
When gamma knife surgery is used
It is used for conditions which are considered to be non treatable otherwise. Some following conditions are treated with gamma rays.
- Cavernous Angiomas ,
- Small intercranial AVMs
- Benign tumors ,
- Tumors located at the base of the skul at the pineal region
- Partially respected tumors and metastatic lesions in brain
- Trigeminal neuralgia
Gamma knife surgery for brain tumor is very much effective for those conditions which are very risk ful due to the position of the tumor. It is very much effective for those conditions too which are partially recovered by the open surgeries and for recurring tumors.
Preparation for gamma knife surgery
The patient should undergo a series of pathological tests which the doctors will guide before the gamma knife for brain tumor treatment. According to the report the doctors will guide the patient how long and when the patient has to appear for the treatment. In most of the cases after the radio surgery the patient is discharged within 24 hours depending upon the condition of the patient. Some side effects may occur like numbness of face, nausea, dizziness, temporary loss of vision which the doctors will observe and give medicines. In comparison to open surgery this is much less.
Where in India gamma knife treatment available
First of all you should know that India government is supporting it in all ways. You may be from abroad or local you will get support always. Medical visas are arranged quickly. Moreover, there are some organisations which will plan your medical tour. From arriving to the airport till departure they will plan everything including conveyance, accommodation, appointment with the doctor, date of treatment etc. They may even assist you in quick processing of your visa and vacation tour. The gamma knife for brain tumor treatment in India is available many places in India including Bangalore, Delhi, Chennai, Kerala, Hyderabad, Pune, Goa, Nagpur, Gurgaon, Jaipur, and Chandigarh.